## How to Multiply or Divide Decimals

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In mathematics, a decimal can be defined as a number which has two parts: a whole part and a fractional part, and these two parts are separated by a decimal point. The whole part always represents a number greater than one, while the fractional part, i.e., the part after the decimal, always represents a number less than one.

For example, let’s take the number \( 11.34 \). Now here the whole part is represented by \( 11 \), whereas the fractional part \( (\frac{43}{100} \ ) \) is represented by \(43\). Here \( 43 \) can also be denoted as the decimal part, as it lies after the decimal point.

#### Terminating and Non-Terminating Decimals

Terminating decimals are the one which have an end whereas non-terminating decimals don’t have an end. They are simply recurring digits that go on and on.

For example, \( 3.333333 \) , \( ( \frac{10}{3} \ ) \) is a recurring/non-terminating decimal, whereas \( 2.50\) , \( (\frac{10}{4} \ ) \) is a terminating decimal.

#### The Concept of Preceding Powers of 10

Now, there’s a very interesting concept linked to decimal numbers. This concept is known as the preceding powers of \( 10\). All decimal numbers are based on this concept. So, as we move from left to right in a decimal number, basically, the place value of every digit gets divided by \( 10\). So, the first digit after a decimal could be represented as \(\frac{1}{10}\) , second as \(\frac{1}{100}\) and so on.

So, from this concept, we can easily find out the expanded form of a decimal.

For example, let’s take the decimal number \(17.457\). The expanded form could be written as: \(10 + 7 + \frac{4}{10} + \frac{5}{100} + \frac{7}{1000}\)

Also, \( 17.457\) can be represented as \(17 \frac{457}{1000} \) in mixed fraction terms.

#### How to Multiply 2 Decimals

To multiply 2 decimals, use the following steps:

- First, line up the two numbers as you would do in case of normal multiplications.
- Now, just forget that they are decimal numbers and proceed with normal multiplication.
- Then add up the decimal points for both numbers. For example, in case of \( 2.89 \times 3.74 \), the addition should be \(4\).
- Now, after normal multiplication, place the decimal point. So, if addition of decimal points is \(4\), add decimal after 4 digits starting from the extreme right to left.

#### How to Divide 2 Decimals

To divide 2 decimals, use the following steps:

- First, convert the divisor as well as the dividend into a whole number.
- Then divide as normal between two whole numbers.

For example, consider \( (34.75 \div 12.6) \). Now, multiply both the divisor and dividend by \(100\) as the largest decimal point is that of hundredth. Now divide \( (3475 \div 1260) \) as you would normally do.

### Related Topics

How to Compare Decimals

How to Multiply and Divide Decimals

How to Convert Between Fractions, Decimals, and Mixed Numbers

How to Compare Decimals

### Exercises for Multiplying and Dividing Decimals

**1) ** \(12.8\ \div \ 5.7 \ =\)

**2) ** \(\cfrac{\times\begin{align}27.8\\17.3\end{align}}{}\)

**3) ** \(88.8\ \div \ 41.6 \ = \ \)

**4) **\(\cfrac{\times\begin{align}76.6\\24.2\end{align}}{}\)

**5) ** \(49.4\ \div \ 21.2 \ = \ \)

**6) ** \(27.8\ \div \ 1.2 \ = \ \)

**7) ** \(43.6\ \div \ 34.2 \ = \ \)

**8) ** \(\cfrac{\times\begin{align}61.6\\39.5\end{align}}{}\)

**9) ** \(\cfrac{\times\begin{align}46.2\\22.5\end{align}}{}\)

**10) ** \(29.6\ \div \ 17.3 \ = \)

**Solution**

The divisor is not a whole number. Therefore, multiply it by \(10\) to get \(128\). Do the same for the dividend to get \(57\) .

Now, divide: \(128\ \div \ 57 \ = \ 2.2456...\) . so the answer is \(2.2456...\) .

**Solution**

Set up and multiply the numbers as you do with whole numbers. \( 278 \ \times 173 \ = \ 48094\) . Count the total number of decimal places in both of the factors \(1+1 =2\) . Then Place the decimal point in the product: \(480.94\)

**Solution**

The divisor is not a whole number. Therefore, multiply it by \(10\) to get \(888\). Do the same for the dividend to get \(416\) .

Now, divide: \(888\ \div \ 416 \ = \ 2.1346...\) . so the answer is \(2.1346...\) .

**Solution**

Set up and multiply the numbers as you do with whole numbers. \( 766 \ \times 242 \ = \ 185372\) . Count the total number of decimal places in both of the factors \(1+1 =2\) . Then Place the decimal point in the product: \(1853.72\)

## Multiply and Divide Decimals Quiz

### More Math Articles

- How to Simplify Fractions
- How to Add and Subtract Fractions
- How to Multiply Mixed Numbers
- How to Compare Decimals
- How to Multiply and Divide Fractions
- How to Add Mixed Numbers
- How to Round Off Decimals
- How to Subtract Mixed Numbers
- How to Divide Mixed Numbers
- How to Add or Subtract Decimals
- How to Multiply or Divide Decimals
- How to Convert between Fractions, Decimals and Mixed Numbers
- How to Factor Numbers
- How to Find the Greatest Common Factor (GCF)
- How to Find the Least Common Multiple (LCM)
- What are the Divisibility Rules